A garden can definitely be part of a landscape, but the overall landscape is more than just the plants that are grown. In addition, the needs of a space will determine if a landscaper or gardener is needed. Gardening and landscaping are home improvement techniques that focus on plants, rocks, and enhance the natural beauty of an overall home. Landscaping includes all the visible features of the land.
It has plants, irrigation systems, retaining walls, paths, pavement, garden sculptures, fences, gazebos, lighting, water fountains and even the house itself. Landscapers work between these elements and alter them to improve the functionality and aesthetics of the space. Landscaping requires a certain understanding of horticulture and artistic design, but it's not limited to plants and horticulture. Sculpting the earth to improve usability (patio, walkways, ponds, water fountains) are also examples of landscape use.
When it is intended to be a purely aesthetic change, the term Ornamental Landscaping is used. Often, designers refer to landscaping as an extension of the rooms in their home (each has a function). Outdoor spaces have great flexibility in terms of materials and functions. It is often said that the only limitation to outer space is imagination.
At the outset, the landscaping contractor issues a statement that is a rough design and a blueprint of what could be done with the land to achieve the desired result. Different pencils are needed to make graphics of the image. Landscaping has become more technological than natural, as few projects start without excavators, lawn mowers or chainsaws. Different areas have different qualities of plants.
When growing new grass, the ideal is to do so in the spring and fall seasons to maximize growth and minimize the spread of weeds. It is generally accepted that organic or chemical fertilizers are required for good plant growth. Some landscapers prefer to use gravel mixed with rocks of different sizes to increase interest in large areas. Today, landscaping refers to the planning, design, and construction of gardens that enhance the appearance and create usable space for outdoor activities around a home.
The wise gardener or landscape architect, therefore, always starts with a careful analysis of the conditions surrounding the project. Garden and landscape design deals with the treatment of areas of land not covered by buildings, when those areas are considered important for the visual experience, with or without utilitarian function. A gardener will also identify pests and diseases, apply feed and herbicides, control the climate, and adjust the mower's cutting heights accordingly. Garden and landscape design is used to improve the configuration of buildings and public areas, and in recreational areas and parks.
For routine plant and lawn maintenance, a gardener might be the best option, but for large jobs or wide-ranging tasks, a landscaper might be the best option. Gardeners also maintain the best appearance of the adjacent landscape by pressure washing paved surfaces and siding, cleaning downspouts and gutters, replacing light bulbs and sprinklers, and so on. Both gardeners and landscapers can beautify their garden, gardening and landscaping are closely related and of course there will always be some crosses, but at the same time there are important differences between the two professions. Garden and landscape design, therefore, works with a wide range of natural and processed materials capable of withstanding site-specific local climatic conditions well.
Soil is an important aspect of gardening because it helps anchor plants in place and provides them with nutrition. As an art form, gardening involves arranging plants in a way that is visually appealing, especially when considering flowers. They know everything about plants, how they grow, what will make them last longer, what is the best position for them in the garden, etc. Gardeners work to create the right conditions for plants to thrive, and then monitor and care for the plants.